Content
Number of images - 8
Tables and charts - 3
Status of Lighting Technologies in Nepal. L&E 27 (6) 2019

Light & Engineering 27 (6)

Volume 27
Date of publication 12/20/2019
Pages 4–15

PDF

Status of Lighting Technologies in Nepal. L&E 27 (6) 2019
Articles authors:
Divakar Bista, Ashish Shrestha, Georges Zissis, Pramod Bhusal, Frangiskos V. Topalis, Bhupendra Bimal Chhetri

Divakar Bista, M. Sc. He graduated from Katmandu University, Nepal, in 2005. At present, he is Assistant Professor and Head of the Chair at the same university. His scientific interests are the control systems, in-door and out-door LED illumination, photoelectrical lighting systems

Ashish Shrestha, M. Sc. He graduated from School of Engineering, Kathmandu University, Nepal in 2014. At present, he is a lecture at the same university. His scientific interests are design and exploitation of energy systems, renewable energy sources, energy installations

Georges Zissis, Prof., Vice-Rector Toulouse 3 University for International Projects & Cooperation, has been graduated in 1986 from Physics department of University of Crete in general physics. He got his M. Sc. and Ph.D. in Plasma Science in 1987 and 1990 from Toulouse 3 University (France). He is today Distinguish-class Professor in Toulouse 3 University. His primary area of work is in the field of Science and Technology Lighting Systems. He won in 2006 the 1st Award of the International Electrotechnics Committee Centenary Challenge for his work on standardisation for street lighting systems and in 2009 the Energy Globe Award for France. In 2011 he has been awarded the title of Doctor Honoris Causa of Saint Petersburg State University (Russian Federation). He was President of IEEE Industrial Applications Society. Today, he is Chairman of IEEE Smart Cities Program and he is chairing the 4E-Solid State Lighting Annex of International Energy Agency

Pramod Bhusal, received his Ph.D. in Illumination Engineering in 2009 from Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland. He is researcher at Lighting Unit, Aalto University, Finland. He has been the key expert in several national and international research, networking and education development projects in the field of lighting. His research interests include energy efficient lighting controls and systems, colorimetry, human centric lighting, and lighting measurements. He has more than 20 scientific publications in the field

Frangiskos V. Topalis, Prof., Ph.D., Mechanical and Electrical Engineer, is Professor at the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering of National Technical University of Athens, Laboratory of Lighting. He teaches the courses of lighting & photometry, lighting in electrical installations and quality assurance systems. He is author or co-author of 10 text books on lighting, 2 chapters in handbooks and more than 200 publications on lighting in international journals, technical brochures, and international conference proceedings. He has coordinated more than 50 projects in the field of photometry and lighting

Bhupendra Bimal Chhetri, D. Eng. He has graduated from Kyushu Institute of Technology, Japan, as a post graduate student in 2003. At present, he is Visiting Professor at Kathmandu University. His scientific interests are optical communication, lighting, renewable energy sources, and holography

Abstract:
Lighting is a thoughtful application of lighting source to get visibility and accomplish a specific task during the darkness by providing desirable illumination. In present context, there are numerous light sources and lighting technologies. But, with the advancement of technologies, traditional lighting technique is being gradually replaced by efficient lighting system with specific purpose and application. This study presents current status of lighting technologies, applications, challenges, policies and impacts in Nepalese scenario. This study also presents some statistic outcome, drawn from a survey of 250 sample size including different five target group. From this study, it is found that the people and government are moving toward the efficient and clean lighting technologies from traditional one. These activities on the implementation of efficient lighting technologies help the people in different sectors, such as education, health, security, economy etc., and in the improvement of living standard.
References:
1. Reference*. Why Is Light so Important to Us? Available: https://www.reference.com/science/ light-important-38b176ddab4c448c
2. NREL, “Vision 2020 The Lighting Technology Roadmap,” in “A 20-year Industry Plan for Lighting Technology,” U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FOR MORE INFORMATION, United State2018, Available: https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy00osti/27996.pdf.
3. ANJ. (2018). Importance of Lighting. Available: https://anj.co.in/idea-at-anj/importance-of-lighting/
4. CBS, “National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report),” Central Bureau of Statistics, Government of Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal2011, Available: https://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic-social/census/ documents/Nepal/Nepal-Census-2011-Vol1.pdf.
5. A. Vagianos and D. Hahlen. (2016, December 30). 50 Captivating Photos of Girls Going to School Around the World: Gender should not be a factor in education Available: https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/50captivating-photos-of-girls-going-to-school-around-theworld_us_56d61a7de4b0871f60ed1fce
6. “Leaf-nosed bat,” in Encyclop?dia Britannica, ed: Encyclop?dia Britannica Online, 2009.
7. AEPC, “Urban Solar Energy System & Soft Loan Operation Manual,” in “Urban Solar Energy System Subsidy and Loan Mobilization Directives-2072,” Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Lalitpur, Nepal2016, Available: https://www.aepc.gov.np/urbansolar/ downloadfile/URBAN%20SOLAR%20ENERGY%20SYSTEM%20&%20SOFT%20LOAN%20OPERATIONAL%20MANUAL_1467103507.pdf.
8. AEPC, “Renewable Energy Subsidy Policy, 2073 BS (Unofficial translation),” Ministry of Population and Environment, Lalitpur, Nepal2016, Available: https://www.aepc.gov.np/uploads/docs/2018–06–19_RE%20 Subsidy%20Policy,%202073 %20(English).pdf.
9. NEA, “Annual Report,” Nepal Electricity Authority, Kathmandu, Nepal2017, Available: file:///C:/Users/ user/Downloads/87757284.pdf.
10. NEA, “Terms of Reference for Promotion of High Efficiency Light Emitting Diode (LED) Lamps “, ed. Kathmandu, Nepal: Nepal Electricity Authority, 2015.
11. AEPC, “Technical Guideline for Solar Street Light Project,” in “Technical Specification,” Alternative Energy Promotion Center, Lalitpur, Nepal2018, Available: https://www.aepc.gov.np/uploads/docs/2018–06–19_ Technical%20Standard%20for%20Solar%20Street%20 Light%20System,%202072.pdf.
12. SE4ALL. (2018). Access to electricity (% of population). Available: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ EG.ELC.ACCS.UR.ZS
13. B. Raj Upreti, S. KC, R. Mallett, and B. Babajanian, “Livelihoods, basic services and social protection in Nepal,” Nepal Center of Contemporary Research, 111 Westminster Bridge Road, London, UK2012, Available: https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/ publications-opinion-files/7784.pdf.
14. H. Kobayashi, H. Zhang, P. Manandhar, A. Jude, and K. Yokoyama, “NEPAL ENERGY SECTOR ASSESSMENT, STRATEGY, AND ROAD MAP,” Asian Development Bank, 6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City, 1550 Metro Manila, Philippines2017, Available: https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/356466/ nepal-energy-assessment-road-map.pdf.
15. ] N. Shrestha, “Enabling children to study after sunset,” in “Nepal: Light for Hope,” SUMAR- LAKHANI FOUNDATION: FOSTERING UNIQUE VISIONS TO TACKLES THE WORLD’S TOUGHEST PROBLEMS2017, Available: http://www.sumarlakhanifoundation.org/nepal-solar-lamps/.
16. WHO. (2018, December 30). Household air pollution and health. Available: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/ household-air-pollution-and-health
17. J. Seftel, “Profile: Irene Pepperberg & Alex,” in NOVA Science Video Podcast, N. d. G. Tyson, Ed., ed. Boston: WGBH, 2011.
18. E. Mills, “Health impacts of fuel-based lighting,” in 3rd International Off-Grid Lighting Conference, Dakar, Senegal, 2012, pp. 13–15.
19. ] E. Liu, B. Khatri, Y. Shakya, and B. Richard, “A 3 year prospective audit of burns patients treated at the Western Regional Hospital of Nepal,” Burns, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 129–133, 1998.
20. C. Mock et al., “A WHO Plan for Burn Prevention and Care,” Geneva, Switzerland 2018, Available: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/97852/9789241596299_eng.pdf; jsessionid=E 347ED36E3460C39E41BED35CCB5A936?sequence=1.
21. A. Sapkota, Z. Lu, H. Yang, and J. Wang, “Role of renewable energy technologies in rural communities’ adaptation to climate change in Nepal,” Renewable Energy, vol. 68, pp. 793–800, 2014.
22. S. Thatcher, “An empirical Study into the benefits of relieving energy poverty in the developing world,” 2pp. Retrieved from http://www. pfpi. org/pdf/empiricalStudy_ energy_poverty. pdf [Accessed July 23, 2014], plus data files (personal communication, 2012.
23. U. Basnet. (2014, December 30). Renewable Energy Powers Rural Nepal Into the Future. Available: http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2014/02/05/ renewable-energy-powers-rural-nepal-into-the-future
24. R. Turner, “Travel & Tourism Economic Impact 2018: Nepal,” in “Travel & Tourism Economic Impact 2018,” World Travel & Tourism Council2018, Available: https://www.wttc.org/-/media/files/reports/economic-impact-research/countries-2018/nepal2018.pdf.
25. “EXPERT SURVEY: GIRLS’ SAFETY IN CITIES ACROSS THE WORLD,” Plan international2018, Available: https://plan-international.org/publications/ expert-survey-girls-safety-cities#download-options.
26. NEA, “NEA Annual Report 2074/75,” in “NEA Annual Report,” Nepal Electricity Authority, Kathmandu2018, Available: http://www.nea.org.np/annual_report.
27. S. R. Timilsina and S.R. Shakya, “The Status of Energy Efficient Bulbs and the Potential Energy Savings in the Kathmandu Valley,” presented at the IOE Graduate Conference, Pulchowk, Lalitpur, 2013. Available: http://conference.ioe.edu.np/ioegc2014/papers/IOECONF-2014–57.pdf
28. ELNAB, “National Need Assessment Report Nepal,” Kathmandu University, Nepal Engineering College and Sagarmatha Engineering College2017.
Keywords
Recommended articles
https://hr.tarunabakti.or.id/zeus-slot/https://ktadigitalpgri.org/assets/dist/img/maxwin/https://ktadigitalpgri.org/assets/dist/img/thailand/https://ejournal.neurona.web.id/kamboja/https://hr.tarunabakti.or.id/sbobet/https://jakarta.perdami.or.id/idn/https://bkat.whs.or.id/public/platinum/https://ktadigitalpgri.org/assets/dist/img/depo-10k/https://journal.iapi-indonesia.org/toto/https://pesma-annur.net/kamboja/https://ktadigitalpgri.org/assets/dist/img/zeus/https://journal.loupiasconference.org/idn/https://hr.tarunabakti.or.id/luar-negeri/https://ktadigitalpgri.org/assets/dist/img/mpo/https://hr.tarunabakti.or.id/maxwin/https://roippo.org.ua/triofus/https://membership.iapi-indonesia.org/maxwin/https://kabarkalsel.com/uploads/akun-pro-thailand/https://hr.tarunabakti.or.id/idn/https://hr.tarunabakti.or.id/nexus/https://hr.tarunabakti.or.id/terbaru/https://hr.tarunabakti.or.id/zeus/https://hr.tarunabakti.or.id/thailand/https://hr.tarunabakti.or.id/easy-win/https://fush.fui.edu.pk/pasarantogel2/https://hr.tarunabakti.or.id/toto/https://hr.tarunabakti.or.id/depo-10k/https://ktadigitalpgri.org/assets/dist/img/pasarantogel2/https://hr.tarunabakti.or.id/pasarantogel2/https://ktadigitalpgri.org/assets/dist/img/platinum/https://journal.iapi-indonesia.org/khmer/https://virtual-economics.eu/https://jae.perhepi.org/depo-10k/https://digital.indef.or.id/https://jurnal.pusatsains.com/pasarantogel2/https://journal.iapi-indonesia.org/garansi/https://journal.iapi-indonesia.org/zeus/https://ejournal.usm.my/public/slot-luar-negeri/https://membership.iapi-indonesia.org/akun-pro-kamboja/https://membership.iapi-indonesia.org/idn/https://asaeca.org/wp-includes/pasarantogel2/https://asaeca.org/wp-content/slot-kamboja/https://journal.iapi-indonesia.org/demo-lucky-neko/https://ejournal.usm.my/public/slot-dana/https://www.hama-univ.edu.sy/slot-luar/https://js.lhu.edu.vn/judi-slot-triofus/https://membership.iapi-indonesia.org/mpo/https://lokakarya.arab-um.com/https://daurah.arab-um.com/https://alyaumalarabi.arab-um.com/https://publicaciones.svrid.org.ve/https://web.rsmatamakassar.org/asset/https://web.rsmatamakassar.org/akun-pro-kamboja/https://ojs.didaktik-der-mathematik.de/pasarantogel2/https://pjmhsonline.com/pasarantogel2/https://pusatsains.com/wp-includes/idn/https://pusatsains.com/wp-content/pasarantogel2/https://journals.uab.pt/sugar-rush/https://ojs.didaktik-der-mathematik.de/starlight-princess/https://nv.nung.edu.ua/https://journal.iapi-indonesia.org/classes/http://periodicos.unifap.br/https://jms.ump.edu.pl/pasarantogel2/https://iedi.edu.br/wp-includes/sigma/https://journals.zetech.ac.ke/slot-depo25-bonus25/https://www.unjc.cu/depo10k/https://untref.edu.ar/uploads/demo/gates-of-olympus/https://untref.edu.ar/uploads/demo/sweet-bonanza/https://fjot.anfe.fr/https://tokorumput.com/wp-content/slot-depo-10k/http://www.inmedsur.cfg.sld.cu/https://nrais.dgda.gov.bd/public/pasarantogel2https://separcontenidos.es/dana/https://mediapencerahanbangsa.co.id/https://journals.asmarya.edu.ly/pasarantogel2/https://pdamindramayu.co.id/images/luar/https://pdamindramayu.co.id/demo/https://learning.modernland.co.id/git/slot-depo-10k/https://aihc.amexihc.org/toto/https://ouvidor.rubineia.sp.gov.br/uploads/akun-pro-kamboja/https://cstvcnmt.gialai.gov.vn/demo/https://sedimentologia.org.ar/slot-depo-10k/https://conference.vestnik-vsuet.ru/https://bundamediagrup.co.id/wp-includes/mpo/https://bundamediagrup.co.id/wp-includes/sv388/https://journal.dntb.gov.ua/slot-depo-10k/https://fjot.anfe.fr/js/https://portalderevistas.uam.edu.ni/public/pasarantogel2/https://perhepi.org/fae/akun-pro-jepang/https://jltl.com.tr/idnslot/https://esic.novacanaapaulista.sp.gov.br/uploads/akun-pro-kamboja/https://journals.qmu.ac.uk/sv388/https://membership.iapi-indonesia.org/akun-pro-jepang/https://ois.unsa.ba/slot-deposit-pulsa/http://103.165.243.97/doc/git/https://www.chiesadellarte.org/https://www.rollingcarbon.org/https://www.savebugomaforest.org/https://www.sigmaslot-profil.com/https://vagas.unimedjau.com.br/storage/slot-dana/https://www.sa-ijas.org/sweet-bonanza/https://hipnose.in/https://vagas.unimedjau.com.br/storage/slot-luar-negeri/https://serenityprime.net/https://civitic.indoamerica.edu.ec/wp-includes/pasarantogel2/https://v-rouge.com/slot-depo-10k/https://ktadigitalpgri.org/assets/dist/img/akun-pro-thailand/https://loa.tsipil-uii.ac.id/sg-gacor/http://snabm.unim.ac.id/depo-10k/https://webscience-journal.net/https://www.chuka.ac.ke/gates-of-olympus-1000/https://data.energy.go.th/storage/https://jurnal.jsa.ikippgriptk.ac.id/public/luar/https://www.unjc.cu/sweet-bonanza/