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Experimental Design and Analysis of Adaptive LED Illumination System L&E, Vol.30, No.4, 2022

Light & Engineering 30 (4)

Volume 30
Date of publication 08/10/2022
Pages 63–70

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Experimental Design and Analysis of Adaptive LED Illumination System L&E, Vol.30, No.4, 2022
Articles authors:
Serhat Berat Efe, Harun Ozbay, Ilyas Ozer

Serhat Berat Efe, Ph.D. He received his Ph. D. degree from Firat University in Turkey in 2014. He is currently working at Bandirma Onyedi Eylul University as Assistant Professor at the Electrical Engineering Department. His main research areas are power system analysis, power quality, and illumination

Harun Ozbay, Ph.D. He received his B.S. degree in electrical education from Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey in 2008, the M.S. degree in electrical education from Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey in 2011, and Ph.D. degree in electrical and electronics engineering from Karabuk University, Karabuk, Turkey in 2017. He is working at the Electrical Engineering Department, Bandirma Onyedi Eylul University, Balikesir, Turkey, where he is currently an Assistant Professor. His research interests include power electronics, resonant converters, electric machines, grid-connected inverters, electric power systems, artificial intelligence, LED drivers, PV system applications, MPPT, electric vehicles, and battery charger

Ilyas Ozer, Ph.D. He received B.S. degree from the Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering at the Dumlupinar University, Turkey in 2006. He received M. Sc. degree from the Department of Computer Engineering at the Sakarya University, Turkey in 2011. Also, he received Ph.D. in the Computer Engineering at Karabuk University, Turkey in 2018. He is currently working at Bandirma Onyedi Eylul University as Assistant Professor at Computer Engineering Department. His current research interests include signal processing, sound event detection, and advanced machine learning techniques

Abstract:
Light emitting diode (LED) luminaires are widely used in street, road, and tunnel illumination. It is necessary to detect their negative effects on power grid, especially in terms of power quality distortions. In addition, because of the limited energy sources, they have to be operated in most efficient way. This paper proposed an adaptive illumination system that can be used in highway tunnels. In this context, an experimental system that consist of LED luminaires with various power values that are possible to be used in tunnel illumination was implemented. Scenarios have been created for the designed system in accordance with possible tunnel illumination scheme. Siemens S7–1200 PLC was used to control these scenarios. FFT analysis of the measurements obtained with adaptive illumination scenarios was performed and power quality distortions were determined for different harmonic levels. Similar analysis was repeated for the non-adaptive system, and a detailed comparison was proposed. In addition, both systems were compared in terms of energy consumption. Operational characteristics of adaptive illumination systems were discussed by using the obtained data. Results show that total harmonic distortion (THD) for all luminaires are active situation is quite lower than adaptive illumination scenarios, where the values of current THD are 149.7 %, 119.9 %, and 85.8 % that scenario 1, scenario 2, and all luminaires are in active situation, respectively. On the other hand, as advantage, a power saving of 73.4 % and 60.3 % can be achieved compared to different adaptive illumination scenarios according to all luminaires are active.
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