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Reducing Energy Consumption in Single-Hop and Multi-Hop Topologies of Road Lighting Communication Network. L&E 28 (4) 2020

Light & Engineering 28 (4)

Volume 28
Date of publication 08/15/2020
Pages 91–102

PDF

Reducing Energy Consumption in Single-Hop and Multi-Hop Topologies of Road Lighting Communication Network. L&E 28 (4) 2020
Articles authors:
Musa Çıbuk

Musa Çıbuk, received his M. Sc. and Ph. D. degrees from Fırat University, Turkey in 2002  and 2009, respectively. His research interests include WSNs, MAC, Computer Networks, Digital Communication and Image Processing. He worked at the University of Fırat between 2000 and 2010. He is currently working at Bitlis Eren  University, in position of Head of Department at Computer Engineering

Abstract:
This study aims to make the wireless sensor network based on a linear topology required in road lighting energy-efficient using the proposed new methods. Because the physical installation of road lighting systems will result in costliness and time-labour loss, the mentioned scenarios were created and analysed in a simulation design. Two new methods were proposed to organize the lighting system more quickly and to increase the speed performance of sensors that join the network and carrying the luminaire data. This is the proxy-based network connection method and a new time-division method for the nodes’ common channel access. Energy consumption scenarios for lighting systems with 50, 100, 150, and 200 luminaires were analysed comparatively during data exchange using wireless sensor networks. Accordingly, the classical method and the proposed novel method were evaluated for the singleand multi-hop scenarios. In the communication between luminaires, the proposed new method for a single-hop scenario was at least 80 % more efficient than the classical method in terms of total energy consumption. In linear topology lighting systems for the same scenario, if the classical method is compared with the proposed new method for 3-hop structures, 58 % efficiency of total energy consumption is achieved.
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