Features Choice of Light Sources for Bio-Technical Life Support Systems for Space Applications. L&E 26 (4) 2018

Light & Engineering 26 (4)

Volume 26
Date of publication 12/20/2018
Pages 117–121

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Features Choice of Light Sources for Bio-Technical Life Support Systems for Space Applications. L&E 26 (4) 2018
Articles authors:
Alexander A. Tikhomirov, Sophia A. Ushakova, Valentin N. Shikhov

Alexander A. Tikhomirov, Prof., Doctor of Biological Sciences. In 1970, he graduated from Krasnoyarsk State University with speciality in physics and qualification of biophysicist and physicist. At present, he works in the Biophysics Institute of the Siberian branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, head of the Phototroph Biosynthesis Control Laboratory, Chief Researcher, and Head of the Closed Ecosystems sub-department of the Reshetnyov Siberian State University of Science and Technology. His research interests: phytoactinometry, plant light physiology, closed ecosystems

Sophia A. Ushakova, Ph.D. in Bio. Sciences, in 1968 she graduated from Novosibirsk State University with a degree in physics as biophysicist. At present, she is leading researcher of the Laboratory of phototrophs biosynthesis control of the Institute of Biophysics SB RAS. Her research interests: photosynthesis and productivity of higher plants as a component of artificial ecosystems, plant resistance to adverse environmental conditions

Valentin N. Shikhov, Ph.D. in Bio. Sciences. He graduated from Krasnoyarsk State University in 1997 with a degree in physics and biophysics. At present, he is a researcher at the laboratory of biosynthesis control of phototrophs of the Institute of Biophysics SB RAS. His research interests: biophysics of photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence, age physiology of plants, stress reactions in higher plants

The historical aspects and prospects of the use of artificial light sources in the biological and technical systems of life support for space applications are considered. According to the given data, the most promising for such systems are LED light sources. Based on the results of photobiological studies it is shown that radiation, perceived by a man as white, in his spectral efficiency unreliable differs from radiation, a spectral curve similar to the average action spectrum of photosynthesis the green sheet (“Phyto”). In accordance with this, the possibility of choosing either a phyto spectrum or a spectrum close to the equal energy for the cultivation of plants in life support systems is justified.
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