Abstract:The paper proposes a method for generalizing and understanding the achievements of modern lighting design by means of classifying light forms and their main features are specified. The variety of types and complexity of light forms are due to avant-garde experiments in the art of the early and mid 20th century and is consistent with the successive change in artistic styles. Advances in computer technology and programming have made it possible to combine lighting elements, visual, colour and optical effects in one form. The new lighting techniques were developed for illuminating the architectural environment, various buildings, structures and forms in the spaces of world exhibitions. In this paper, the following light forms of the urban environment are investigated: projection mapping, light-graphic, light-painting and installation, sculptural, media surfaces and media facades, structural and vertical, energy-saving and virtual. The classification of light forms makes it possible to identify their structure and image, their correspondence to different eras in art, to predict the possibility of their transformation in the perspective of modern visual creativity.
References:1. Efimov A.V. Colour + shape. Art of the 20th and 21st centuries (painting, sculpture, installation, land art, digital art) // Moscow: BuksMart, 2014, 616 p. Illustrated. 2. Cumming R. Complete encyclopedia. Art// Moscow: AST Astrel, 2007, 512 p. Illustrated. 3. Koleichuk V.F. Kineticism. Album. Series: New Art. XX century//Moscow, Galart, 1994, 160 p. Illustrated. 4. Migalina I.V., Shchepetkov N.I. Colour in the architectural environment// Textbook, Moscow: MARKHI, 2018. 5. Shchepetkov N.I. Light design of the city // Moscow: Architecture-S, 2006, 317 p. Illustrated. 6. 4th Moscow Biennale of Contemporary Art. Rewriting worlds // Moscow.: Publishing house IPSI, Moscow, 2011, 200 p. Illustrated. 7. Bahamón A., Alvarez M. Light Colour Sound. Sensory effects in contemporary architecture// New York, London. W.W. Norton & Company, 2010, 335 p. 8. Bright. Architectural Illumination and Light Installation // 2008, Frame Publishers, Amsterdam, 2008 dgv – Die Gestalten Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, 352 p. 9. Bright 2. Architectural Illumination and Light Installation// 2015, Frame Publishers, Amsterdam, 368 p. 10. Hank Haeusler M. Media Facades, History, Technology, Content. With a Foreword by Tom Haeusler // M. Hank Haeusler, Ludwigsburg: Leibfarth & Schwarz GmbH & Co.KG, 2009, 248 p. Illustrated. 11. Hank Haeusler M, Tomitsch M., Tscherteu G. New Media Facades //A Global Survey av-edition GmbH, Ludwigsburg, 2012, 248 p. 12. Holzhey M., Vasarely V. 1906–1997. Pure Vision // Kὅln: Tashen, 2005, 96 p. Illustrated. 13. ITALIAN ZERO & avantgarde’60s. Cinisello Balsamo, Milano: Silvana Editoriale Spa. 2011, 288 p. Illustrated. 14. Karpenko Vladimir E. Methodology for Light Design Training in the Sphere of Architectural Environment Design // Light & Engineering, 2020, Vol. 28, #5, pp. 68–75. 15. Rennes, Lumi-R Concept, France. Illuminations 2.0. URL: https://www.concepto.fr/en/projects/renneslumi-r-concept-france/ (access date: 01.04.2021). 16. Superlux. Smart Light Art, Design and Architecture for Cities / Davina Jackson and other. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2015, 272 p.
- light form
- optical effects
- media facade
- media surface
- light sculpture
Methodology For Light Design Training In The Sphere Of Architectural Environment Design Light & Engineering Vol. 28, No. 5
Concerning the Concept of Light-Colour Arrangement of the Urban Environment in the Central Part of Tyumen L&E 28 (1) 2020
Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality in Light Installations and Night Urban Environment L&E, Vol.30, No.5, 2022