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Development and Performance Analysis of a Cost-Effective Integrated Light Controller. L&E 27 (6) 2019

Light & Engineering 27 (6)

Volume 27
Date of publication 12/20/2019
Pages 73-81

PDF

Development and Performance Analysis of a Cost-Effective Integrated Light Controller. L&E 27 (6) 2019
Articles authors:
Sangita Sahana, Biswanath Roy

Sangita Sahana, is currently working as Assistant Professor, of the Electrical Engineering Department, Jadavpur University, India. She received her Master Degree in M.E. Illumination Engineering in 2012 & BE in Electrical Engg in 2010 from Jadavpur University

Biswanath Roy, Ph. D. He is associated with the Electrical Engineering Department of Jadavpur University since 2000 as a faculty of Illumination Engineering. He completed Ph. D. (Engg.) in the field of daylighting in 1999 from the Jadavpur University after having M. Sc. (Tech.) in Optics and Optoelectronics from the Department of Applied Physics in 1993 and B. Sc. (Hons.) in Physics in 1989, both from the University of Calcutta. He is a Life Fellow of Indian Society of Lighting Engineers (ISLE), a Life Member of the IEI – The Institution of Engineers (India)

Abstract:
An integrated sensor based daylight responsive light controller has been designed and developed. The developed cost-effective light controller performs on logical decision derived from output of integrated sensor circuit comprising of daylight sensor and occupancy sensor. The performance analysis has also been carried out to understand the actual operating condition of the system using different sensors to control lamp circuits in small indoor lighting applications. The sensitivity levels of the photo sensor (i.e. a Light Dependent Resistor or LDR) and the occupancy sensor (i.e. a Passive Infrared Sensor or PIR) circuits can be adjusted through in-built tuning facility in developed circuit after experimental measurement of the response characteristics of the both sensors. By monitoring the indoor lighting system with the developed controller, it is possible to reduce the usage of electrical energy during the absence of occupant in any room. It is also possible to vary lamp output according to the seasonal variation in daylight level by selecting different reference voltage level and to use minimum electrical energy by utilizing the available daylight. It is a low cost solution due to the advantage of components and the sensors in the market at low cost.
References:
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