Abstract:Performance decreases in lighting equipment with a high level of contamination have been analysed in this study. Effect of decreases in luminous flux arising from abrasions and usage on tunnel illumination levels has been analysed and results of measurements in real environment and simulation environment have been compared. Calculations, which are complicated and difficult by traditional methods, have been visualized by a simulation program prepared in the computer environment. Results recorded at 60 points by measuring by a luxmeter, which was placed in the middle of 2.266 m2 fields on the road surface into the tunnel, have been compared with simulation results. Thanks to the simulation program used, tunnel lighting measurements would not be necessary, which they take a long time in the physical environment by measurement devices and are carried out by stopping vehicle traffic. Tunnel lighting maintenances, which are complicated and take a long time, will be carried out in a short time and more accurately, and waste of resources could be prevented. It has been determined in the study that more accurate results could be obtained in ergonomic, economic, and using aspects.
References:1. Ozkaya M. Ayd?nlatma Teknigi // Birsen Yay?nevi, Istanbul, 1994, 384 p. 2. Tetri, E., Chenani, S.B., Rasanen R.S. Advancement in Road Lighting // Light & Engineering, 2018, Vol. 26, #1, pp. 99-109. 3. Barua P., Mazumdar S., Chakraborty S., Bhattacharjee S. Road Classification Based Energy Efficient Design and its Validation for Indian Roads // Light & Engineering, 2018, Vol. 26, #2, pp. 110-121. 4. Iacomussi P., Rossi G., Soardo P. Energy Saving and Environmental Compatibility in Road Lighting // Light & Engineering, 2012, Vol. 20, #4, pp. 55-63. 5. Van Bommel W., Van Den Beld, G., Van Ooyen M. Industrial Light and Productivity // Light & Engineering, 2003, Vol. 11, #1, pp. 14-21. 6. Guler O., Onaygil S. The effect of luminance uniformity on visibility level in road lighting // Lighting Re-search Technology, 2002, Vol. 35, pp. 199-215. 7. Jantzen R. Flimmerwirkung der Verkehrsbeleuch-tung // Lichttechnik, 1960, Vol. 12. 8. Schreuder D.A. The lighting of vehicular traffic tunnels. Thesis, University of Technology Eindhoven, 1964. 9. Walthert R. Tunnel lighting systems // International Light Review, 1977, Vol. 4, P. 112. 10. CIE Technical Report, CIE-88-2004. Guide for the Lighting of Road Tunnels and Underpasses, 2004. 11. CIE Technical Report, CIE-154-2003. The Maintenance of Outdoor Lighting Systems, 2003. 12. CIE Technical Report, CIE-194-2011. On Site Measurement of the Photometric Properties of Road and Tunnel Lighting, 2011 13. TSE standard: TS EN13201-2, Road lighting -Part 2: Performance requirements, 2016. 14. Master Son-T Apia PlusXtra, HPS-100, 2018. URL: https://www.assets.lighting.philips.com/is /content/PhilipsLighting/fp928483300095-pss-tr_tr 15. Onaygil S. TEDAS Genel Mudurlugu Meslek Ici Egitim Semineri-Golbas? Egitim Tesisleri, Yol ayd?n-latma Semineri 23-24 Ocak 2007. 16. Onaygil S. TEDAS Genel Mudurlugu Meslek Ici Egitim Semineri, TEDAS Bas?mevi, Ankara. 17. Cengiz M.S. A Simulation and Design Study for Interior Zone Luminance In Tunnel Lighting // Light & Engineering, 2019, Vol. 27, #2. 18. Onaygil, S. Yol aydınlatma projelerinde yol sınıfının belirlemesinin önemi // Kaynak Elektrik Dergisi, 1998, Vol. 12, pp. 125–132
Using Electric Lighting to Support Daylighting in Architectural Building Designs L&E, Vol.30, No.1, 2022
Analysis Of Failure Detection And Visibility Criteria In Pantograph-catenary Interaction Light & Engineering Vol. 28, No. 6
Determination of Energy Consumption According to Wireless Network Topologies in Grid-Free Lighting Systems L&E 28 (2) 2020