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Development of a Microcontroller Based Emergency Lighting System with Smoke Detection and Mobile Communication Facilities. L&E 27 (№1. 2019)

Light & Engineering 27 (1)

Volume 27
Date of publication 02/20/2019
Pages 46–50

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Development of a Microcontroller Based Emergency Lighting System with Smoke Detection and Mobile Communication Facilities. L&E 27 (№1. 2019)
Articles authors:
Shibabrata Mukherjee, Parthasarathi Satvaya, Saswati Mazumdar

Shibabrata Mukherjee, received his B. Tech. Degree in Electrical Engineering from St. Thomas College of Engineering & Technology, Kolkata, India in 2013 and M. Tech. Degree in Illumination Technology & Design from Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India in 2017. His research interest includes non-conventional energy sources and optical communications

Parthasarathi Satvaya, Assistant Professor, School of Illumination Science Engineering & Design Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India. He has received his B. Tech. Degree in Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and M.E. Degree in Illumination Engineering in 2006 and 2008 respectively. His research interests includes smart lighting and electronic instrumentation

Saswati Mazumdar, M.E., Ph.D., Professor of Electrical Engineering, Jadavpur University (JU), Kolkata, India. She has 35 years of experience in lighting research and teaching. Developed a modernized illumination engineering laboratory in electrical engineering department, Jadavpur University. Have founded two masters’ courses on illumination engineering (daytime) and illumination technology and design (evening) in Jadavpur University. Executed a large number of R&D and consultancy projects in the illumination field

This paper describes a microcontroller based emergency lighting system, which can early detect fire and send the alarm message through a mobile network. This is achieved via smoke and gas detector technology added with integrated microcontroller, mobile communication and a LED emergency light. First five Minutes of fire is more important than last five hours [1]. Hence, it is important to have early detection of fire and start fire fighting in its inception. In many hazardous areas where flammable materials are handled, any leak or spillage may give rise to an explosive atmosphere. In this situation, early detection of leaking gas or smoke plays an important role in reducing fire deaths and injuries. In fact, immediately after detection of fire, fire fighting should be started by means of portable fire extinguishers or by informing the fire brigade. This developed system can initiate these functions by detecting the fire hazard, establishing the communication to dwellers and turning on the emergency light to show the exit route.
1. People of Planet Earth and Fire by Debabrata Biswas, B.E Mining, Calcutta University, Life Member: M.G.M.I & loss prevention Association of India.
2. The society of Light and Lighting Hand Book by Peter Boyce PhD, FSLL, FIESNA & Peter Raynham BSc MSc CEng FSLL MCIBSE MILE.
3. MQ-2 Semiconductor Sensor for Combustible Gas available at
5. Gas Leakage Detector using Arduino and GSM Module with SMS Alert and Sound Alarm, http://www.
6. The Disadvantages of Smoke Alarms by Marc Chase, available at


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